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SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer and it helps website owners to create a trusted environment so visitors would feel safe being their information is safe and encrypted. SSL certificates establish a secure connection between the user (web browser) and the server.
There are 6 types of SSL Certificates:
Do know if the website you are visiting has a valid SSL certificate, it is tested by something called certificate authorities. These tools, like SSL Checker, validate the authenticity of the SSL certificate.
To perform an SSL test, you just need to enter the domain name in the field at the top of
this page then click Submit. The result of the SSL Server Test is as follows:
This will show you if the SSL certificate is installed properly on your server. The SSL test will also show the following test results (certificate chaining):
The main reason why you need to install an SSL on your website is to keep information sent by the user to your server encrypted. Leaked information sent by the user to your web server may get you in serious trouble. You might get sued for not properly handling the privacy of your website visitors. Also, it gives this sense of safety and security for shoppers, which brings us to our next point:
If you are a frequent shopper and use online banking most of the time, you might need to perform a certificate check from time to time on the website you are shopping or banking on.
There is a lot of web hosting providers that provide you with free SSL. They come as a package and usually if you have a contract with them. However, certificates provided by them are usually weak. You need a strong SSL from big names in this area. Just Google "Top SSL Providers".